Dating authorship gospels relative dating of rock strata
As Armin Baum (“The Anonymity of the New Testament History Books,” pg.
121) explains: While most New Testament letters bear the names of their (purported) authors (James, Jude, Paul, Peter, or at least “the Elder”) the authors of the historical books [the Gospels and Acts] do not reveal their names.
To illustrate this, I will compare the evidence for the Gospels’ authors with that of a secular work, namely Tacitus’ .
Through looking at some of the same criteria that we can use to evaluate the authorial attributions of ancient texts, I will show why scholars have many good reasons to doubt the authors of the Gospels, while being confident in the authorship of a more solid tradition, such as what we have for a historical author like Tacitus. There is no single “one-size-fits-all” methodology that can be used for every single ancient text.
As scholarly sources like the note, the Gospels are not historical works (even if they contain some historical kernels).
Scholars generally agree that the Gospels were written forty to sixty years after the death of Jesus.This would be even more true if Americans were everywhere and America ruled European countries as client states, as was true in ancient Palestine.He had to know Greek, and be a capable speaker, if he were to fulfill his job. Tradition unanimously states that Matthew preceded Mark, and there is some good evidence for this.We literally have thousands of different texts that have come down to us from antiquity, and each has its own unique textual-critical situation.There are some general guidelines that can be applied broadly across all traditions, however, from which more specific guidelines can further be derived when assessing a particular tradition. This can include the author identifying himself, mentioning persons and events that he witnessed, or using a particular writing style that we know to be used by a specific person, etc.